Tag Archive for Gum-disease

Invisalign: Different Types of Misaligned Teeth

Straightening teeth is not only for aesthetic purposes, but is also necessary for maintaining your long-term oral health. Let’s take a look at the many different types of “crooked” teeth. Do any sound familiar? You may able to benefit from Invisalign treatment.

 

Crowding is when there is not enough space in the mouth for all the teeth. As a result, there are many nooks and crannies between the teeth where plaque and tartar can easily build up. Bacteria will be in an optimal environment to grow and multiply, increasing your risk for gum disease. Straightening crowded teeth with Invisalign will lead to better oral hygiene and prevent future tooth and bone loss caused by periodontal disease.

 

Spacing is exactly what you would expect- when there is too much space between your teeth. Food can easily get stuck in these spaces and since the gums are not protected, you will be more prone to sore or tender gums, and ultimately gum disease. Spacing is easily fixed by using Invisalign to move the teeth together and close the spaces.

 

A deep bite, otherwise known as an overbite, is when the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth. The lower teeth may not even be seen at all when you bite down. Since the lower teeth make contact with the upper gum tissue in the jaw, the palate is easily damaged and the gum tissue can be eventually chewed away. In addition, lower teeth will suffer from extensive premature wear and chipping. Thus, deep bites are very important to fix for your long-term oral health.

 

A crossbite is when one or more of your teeth do not properly horizontally align with the corresponding teeth above or below. For example, one tooth may be tilted more towards the cheek or the tongue. The image shows one example of a crossbite. Excessive stress is placed on the teeth and cause abfractions, or notches, in the teeth at the gumlime. In addition, the teeth will be more likely to get chipped or suffer from premature wear. To maintain healthy teeth and gums, crossbites can be properly aligned using Invisalign.

Excessive Overjet

Excessive overjet is often confused with deep bite or overbite. Excessive overjet is when the upper front teeth are much more horizontally forward than the lower front teeth. In other words, the upper teeth protrude out much more than the lower teeth.  It can be caused by certain genetic disorders or excessive thumb sucking sucking and pacifier use at a young age. Since the front teeth protrude out, they are more prone to getting chipped, fractured, or some other tooth trauma. In some cases, it may even be difficult to chew properly. Invisalign can properly align the protruding teeth and improve your overall mouth function and health.

Edge-to-Edge Bite

Edge-to-Edge bite is when the upper and lower teeth meet in the front. Thus, the teeth have a higher risk of chipping or breaking and may result in shortened and worn down front teeth. In addition, this type of malocclusion may result in jaw joint pain. To avoid these problems, Invisalign will properly align the teeth.

Open bite is when your upper and lower teeth do not make contact with each other. The mouth may always seem open because of this space between the teeth. An open bite may impair normal chewing and jaw function and lead to improper tongue position and swallowing habits. Furthermore, you may experience afractions, or small notches in the teeth at the gulime, excessive wear of the teeth, and gum recession, loose teeth, and bone loss. Invisalign will close the bite and improve the function of your mouth as well as your long-term oral health.

Are you a candidate for Invisalign? Dr. Solomon is recognized by Invisalign as a premiere provider based on his high number of successful cases. Call (310)475-5598 today to make an appointment or personal consultation.

Gum Disease & Diabetes, Obesity, and Cardiovascular Disease

Good dental hygiene is necessary to prevent periodontal disease, which can destroy bone and gums in the mouth and ultimately lead to tooth loss. But, did you know that periodontal (gum) disease is also linked to diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity? The mouth is often overlooked as a door to the rest of your body. Thus, any ailments in your mouth can affect the rest of your body and vice versa.

A study done by the National Institutes of Craniofacial and Dental Research demonstrated that those with type 2 diabetes are more likely to also have periodontal disease. Periodontal disease has been an established side effect of diabetes, but it now seems like there is a two-way connection. Periodontal disease leads to inflammation in the mouth and those inflammatory proteins can travel to the body. Consequently, chronic inflammation in the body can be harmful and affect blood sugar levels and the way your body responds to insulin. Many researchers also believe that there is a three-way connection between periodontal disease, diabetes, and obesity.

There is also a suspected connection between periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease. A study from the American Heart Journal in 2007 showed that the incidence of coronary heart disease was increased in patients with periodontal disease. Researchers suspect that the inflammatory molecules present in the mouth spread to the rest of the body, which leads to inflammation and the build up of fatty plaques in the arteries.  Researchers also believe that oral bacteria can travel to the body and increase the chances of blood clots in the arteries.

Many researchers are currently studying the link between periodontal disease and various systemic problems. For example, researchers are trying to establish why women with gum disease are more likely to give birth prematurely. Overall, it is important to remember that the mouth is connected to the rest of the body and taking care of your teeth is very important for your overall health. Good dental hygiene at home as well as regular dental visits are necessary for maintaining a healthy smile.  Are you due for a cleaning or check up? Do you have any concerns or questions? Call Dr. Sid Solomon at (310)475-5598 to make an appointment today!

Be Active in Preventing Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Happy National Dental Hygiene Month! This month we want to bring awareness to maintaining healthy teeth and gums and preventing periodontal (gum) disease through proper oral hygiene habits. According to the American Academy of Periodontology, almost 1/3 of Americans between the ages of 30 to 54 have some stage of periodontitis or gum disease. However, that also means that 2/3 of Americans in that age range have healthy smiles. Gum disease can be prevented by using regular and proper dental hygiene techniques.

What causes periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease is caused by the build up of plaque. Plaque is a sticky, almost invisible film that forms on teeth. It is important to remove plaque with regular brushing and flossing because after one or two days, plaque will harden into calculus or tartar. Calculus cannot be removed by a toothbrush, but must be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist with special tools. If it is not removed, the bacteria will release toxins and infect the gums causing inflammation. This causes the gums to separate from the teeth and form pockets that can fill with more plaque, which will further worsen the infection. As a result, the gum and bone surrounding the teeth will slowly be destroyed. During advanced stages of gum disease, the gums will be severely receded and may fill with pus. In addition, due to increasing bone loss, the teeth may fall out because they no longer have enough support.

How can periodontal disease be prevented? 

A large part of preventing periodontal disease is in your own hands. It is VERY important to brush and floss properly everyday to continuously remove plaque. Proper dental hygiene at home is instrumental for maintaining a healthy smile.

It is also necessary to go to the dentist for regular exams and cleanings at least twice a year. Going to the dentist is just as important as taking care of your teeth at home because dental professionals can remove plaque and calculus that cannot be removed by a toothbrush or in hard to reach places.

Dr. Solomon is adamant in helping all his patients maintain good oral health. At your appointment, Dr. Solomon uses a periodontal probe to assess the health of your gums by measuring the pocket depths. Depending on your specific needs, he may perform differing levels of cleanings or suggest an antibiotic treatment:

  • Prophylaxis- A routine teeth cleaning and polishing.
  • Full mouth debridement- Removal of plaque and tartar above and around the gum line.
  • Scaling and root planning (deep cleaning)- The gums and teeth are cleaned down to the roots to prevent plaque from accumulating under the gums and facilitate the gums to reattach to the tooth.
  • Periodontal maintenance- To prevent the relapse or progression of periodontal disease, the area above and below the gums must be regularly cleaned and disinfected.
  • ARESTIN® treatment- ARESTIN® is an antibiotic that is locally administered between the gum and the tooth. It is completely painless and kills any bacteria left behind during the cleaning. It also continues to work progressively to kill bacteria after you’ve left the office by releasing the antibiotics gradually over time.

In honor of National Dental Hygiene Month, be proactive about your oral health! Remember to always brush and floss properly and if you’re due for a cleaning or have any concerns or questions about your periodontal health call (310)475-5598 to make an appointment with Dr. Solomon today!